Menu

Real Estate Newsletter

The Clean Air Act, Asbestos and Demolition Activities

Various construction activities, such as sawing, drilling, sanding and other remodeling procedures may release dangerous pollutants and contaminants into the environment. Asbestos, often found at construction sites, is generally considered to be the most hazardous of such pollutants.

As a known carcinogen (cancer-causing substance), asbestos can cause serious health problems, including asbestosis (scarring of lung tissue) and gastrointestinal cancer. Typically, projects involving demolition, renovation and repair (of older buildings and structures) have the potential to disturb asbestos-containing materials (ACMs). ACMs include duct, pipe and boiler insulation, ceiling tiles, and sprayed-on fireproofing or insulation.

The Clean Air Act

Construction and demolition activities that are likely to harm air quality may be subject to federal, state, and/or local environmental laws and regulations. Many federal environmental laws set forth national standards that are administered by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). For example, the federal Clean Air Act (CAA) requires the EPA to develop and enforce regulations to protect the public from exposure to airborne contaminants known to be hazardous to human health, like asbestos.

Also under the authority of the CAA, the EPA establishes National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs). The asbestos NESHAP generally sets forth requirements related to the assessment and removal of ACMs, including the following:

  • The owner or operator of a demolition or renovation activity, prior to the commencement of the project, must thoroughly inspect the area where the demolition or renovation will occur for the presence of asbestos
  • Procedures to control emissions of asbestos during renovation and demolition must be implemented
  • Asbestos-containing debris from renovations and demolitions must be treated as asbestos-containing waste

Most ACM abatement procedures may be performed only by trained and licensed contractors. Further, such contractors are generally required to provide appropriate notice to regulatory agencies and follow mandatory work practices. Contractors must also properly dispose of the asbestos-containing waste and maintain appropriate records.

Federal and State Penalties

The failure of contractors to comply with environmental laws governing asbestos can result in civil and criminal penalties (including fines and incarceration), frequently enforced by the EPA and U.S. Department of Justice.

Similar to the standards issued by the EPA, some states have also established requirements that govern the handling, disturbing, removing and disposing of ACM’s. State standards vary, and are often more stringent than the requirements under federal law.

  • Foreclosure Considerations in Bankruptcy
    Prior to the enactment of the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act of 2005 (BAPCPA), directly upon filing for federal bankruptcy relief, the bankruptcy court would issue an “automatic stay.” The stay is... Read more.
  • Land Sale Scams Covered by ILSFDA
    Prompted by an increase in land sale scams in the 1960’s, Congress passed the Interstate Land Sales Full Disclosure Act (ILSFDA) in 1968. Administered by the Federal Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), the ILSFDA... Read more.
  • Limitations on the Homestead Exemption
    In states that provide a homestead exemption for debtors who have filed or are contemplating filing for bankruptcy, a debtor’s personal residence will be shielded to some extent from the reach of creditors seeking payment, to... Read more.
  • Reverse Mortgages as a Way to Enhance Retirement Living
    Many are familiar with the concept of a mortgage, where an individual makes monthly payments to a lender. However, for those who qualify, there is another type of mortgage called a “reverse mortgage” (RM), where the lender... Read more.
Real Estate News Links
Designed and Powered by NextClient

© 2014 - 2019 Herbert & Weiss. All rights reserved.
Custom WebShop™ law firm website design by NextClient.com.

Contact Form Tab